History

Kays and Co 1952

Temple Works in Holbeck is the Grade 1 listed Victorian former flax mill that made history as “the largest room in the world”, with sheep grazing on a skylit roof in the heart of Leeds industrial revolution. With a facade modelled on the Temple of Horus at Edfu in Egypt, it was designed by the Bonomi Brothers and by prominent Victorian industrialist John Marshall, between 1836 and 1840. Temple Works is referred to in schools of architecture and engineering the world over not so much for the unusual facade however but for the unique and visionary engineering solution of the main mill floor, reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Johnson Wax Building a century later.

Kay's mill floor